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2016高考素材:道德綁架

2016-05-12

  所謂的“道德綁架”,只可能是在用圣人的標準要求普通人,用美德來要求道德義務,主要是源于群體思想覺悟低,資源分配不均勻所產生的平衡心理。近年來道德綁架的事件發生的不少,下面就一起來看看吧。

The so -called "moral kidnapping" may only be the use of saints' standards to require ordinary people to require moral obligations with virtue, mainly due to the low ideological consciousness of group ideas, and the balance of resource allocation psychology

  道德綁架案例

Ethical abduction case

  一、劉福成為了籌錢給女兒治病而向國內六位富豪求助的事件,引起了社會的廣泛關注。不久,被求助的富豪中有兩位表示愿意捐助。

First, Liu Fu has made money to raise money for his daughter and ask for help from the six rich people in China, which has attracted widespread concern in society.Soon, two of the rich people who were asked for help were willing to donate.

  二、網友呼吁大獎得主捐錢。廣東省電白縣18歲女孩蔡燕梅患有尿毒癥。蔡家已花掉10多萬元,負債累累。如果徹底康復,蔡燕梅必須換腎,手術費用逾20萬元。

2. Netizens call on the prize winner to donate money.Cai Yanmei, a 18 -year -old girl in Guangdong Province, has uremia.The Cai family has spent more than 100,000 yuan, and its debt is tired.If you recover thoroughly, Cai Yanmei must change the kidney, and the cost of surgery is more than 200,000 yuan.

  網友“冰塵”大膽建言:“我們找出買彩票中了獎的彩民,讓其捐獻25萬,挽救一條生命……”巧的是,電白縣就有一名彩民中得雙色球兩注頭獎,總獎金高達1200多萬元。

Netizen "Bingchen" boldly made a bold saying: "We found the lottery people who bought the lottery ticket, let them donate 250,000, and save a life ..." Coincidentally, there is a two -color ball in Dianbai County., A total of more than 12 million yuan.

  數個網友戴著口罩和鴨舌帽,來到投注站,手拉“救救蔡燕梅吧!伸出援助之手,讓18歲的生命延續”的求助橫幅,呼吁當地剛中了1200萬元的大獎得主捐資救人。

Several netizens wore masks and peaked caps, came to the betting station, and pulled the help banner of "Save Cai Yanmei! Stretch out the help of assistance and let the 18 -year -old life continue", calling on the local prize winner of 12 million yuan in the local areaDonate money to save people.

  三、前不久,中國男孩洪戰輝作客央視新聞會客廳,接受了記者李小萌的專訪。洪戰輝在節目中重點談了自己成名后的煩惱。其中,最讓洪戰輝迷惑不解的是,自從被評為2005年感動中國人物之后,他先后在全國各地做了近150場報告,而這些報告全部是免費的。洪戰輝說他想過要收出場費,可是又不敢收。

Third, not long ago, Chinese boy Hong Zhanhui was a guest room for CCTV News and accepted an exclusive interview with reporter Li Xiaomeng.Hong Zhanhui focused on the troubles of his fame in the show.Among them, Hong Zhanhui was confusing most that since he was rated as a Chinese figure in 2005, he has made nearly 150 reports across the country, and these reports are all free.Hong Zhanhui said that he had thought about collecting fees, but he dared not collect it.

  洪戰輝為什么想要收出場費呢?按他自己的話說,他覺得一個人付出勞動就應該有所回報,他出去做報告,其實也是一種勞動,是在給別人做一種精神上、能力上、心理上的培訓,這種勞動應該得到一定的報酬??墒?,他為什么又不敢收呢?他說如果收了出場費,一定會引起人們的非議,覺得作為精神偶像和道德楷模,根本就不應該計較經濟上的利益。平常有人也時刻提醒洪戰輝:你是一個公眾人物,一定要注意自己的形象。所以,洪戰輝聽從了這些人的勸告,以所謂的責任感做著無數的義務勞動。當然,為了不讓自己太吃虧,不被他人不恰當地利用,對有些采訪和邀請,洪戰輝已經開始學會了拒絕和回避。

Why does Hong Zhanhui want to collect fees? In his own words, he feels that one person should pay for labor. He goes out to make a report. In fact, it is also a kind of labor.Psychological training, this kind of labor should be rewarded.However, why did he dare not charge it? He said that if he charged the appearance fee, he would definitely cause people to criticize. He felt that as a spiritual idol and a moral model, he should not care about economic interests at all.Some people also always remind Hong Zhanhui: You are a public figure, you must pay attention to your own image.Therefore, Hong Zhanhui obeyed the advice of these people and did countless voluntary labor with the so -called sense of responsibility.Of course, in order to prevent himself from being too bad and not used properly by others, Hong Zhanhui has begun to learn to refuse and avoid some interviews and invitations.

  洪戰輝的煩惱是其他眾多道德偶像精神世界的縮影。它帶給了我們一些值得深思的問題:我們到底需要樹立什么樣的的道德偶像?一個被社會推崇為道德偶像的人,究竟該如何做一個主體的人?特別是在社會商業規則和公眾道德訴求面前,道德偶像們該如何作出自己的選擇?

Hong Zhanhui's troubles are the epitome of many other moral idol spiritual worlds.It brings us some thoughts that are worth thinking about: What kind of moral idol do we need to establish? A person who is respected by the society as a moral idol, how to be a subject? Especially in social business rules and public moralityIn the face of the appeal, how should moral idol make their own choices?

  四、2006年9月,為了籌集孩子“神經干細胞移植”所需的4萬元手術費,一位母親向王菲、李亞鵬夫婦發出求助信,這封信刊登在了報紙上。

4. In September 2006, in order to raise the 40,000 yuan surgical fee required for the child's "neuronal stem cell transplantation", a mother issued a letter of help to Faye Wong and Li Yapeng, which was published in the newspaper.

  五、2006年3月,北京地鐵車廂里,一個身披袈裟的男子扮成“唐僧”,號召乘客轉告李宇春、徐靜蕾等名人向一個患白血病的孩子獻愛心,得到媒體廣泛報道。

In March 2006, in the Beijing Metro Car Card, a man wearing a cricket was dressed as "Tang Seng", calling on passengers to tell celebrities such as Li Yuchun and Xu Jinglei to offer love to a child with leukemia and was widely reported by the media.

  六、這回輪到了人氣正旺的美女明星范冰冰。也許是明星們的財富太惹火,每每有窮困的老百姓通過媒體向明星們求助,而明星恰好又無甚反應時,總免不了一陣輿論的狂轟猛炸。有報道說,國慶期間幾位演藝界人士號召參加“明星一起來”扶貧活動,范冰冰拒絕加入,不少地方報紙相繼轉載,攻擊明星為富不仁甚至范冰冰個人的相關評論也在網絡上風起云涌。

6. This time it was Fan Bingbing, a beautiful star who was so popular.Perhaps the wealth of the stars is too hot, and the poor people ask the stars to ask the stars through the media, and when the stars happen to have no response, they will never be able to avoid a bombardment of public opinion.It is reported that during the National Day, several people in the entertainment industry called for the "star to come" poverty alleviation activities. Fan Bingbing refused to join. Many local newspapers were reproduced one after another. The related comments of attacking stars for wealth and even Fan Bingbing were on the Internet.

  搜狐網正在進行的“范冰冰拒絕扶貧該不該遭到炮轟?”調查顯示,有24954名網友投票贊成正方“應該炮轟”,同意反方“不應該炮轟”的才3804人。也許最先公開求助行為的媒體還會比較謹慎和有分寸,但越來越多媒體的轉載、尤其是網絡媒體的刊登,顯然會不可避免地把被求助者推到“眾目睽睽”的公共輿論聚光燈下,供更多不相干的“觀眾”注視和評說。而這些“觀眾”通常又會出于同情弱者以及反感為富不仁的普遍心理,一邊倒地贊成“救助”,甚至對“不救助”提出批評。

Sohu.com is ongoing "Fan Bingbing's rejection of poverty alleviation should be bombarded?" The survey showed that 24954 netizens voted in favor of the "bombardment" of the square and agreed to the only 3,804 people who "should not bombard".Perhaps the media that first publicly ask for help will be more cautious and well -known, but more and more media reprinting, especially the publication of online media, will obviously inevitably push the help of the person to the public opinion spotlight of "public eyes".For more unrelated "audiences" watching and commented.And these "audiences" are usually for the universal psychology of sympathy and dislikes, while falling on the ground to support "rescue", and even criticize "non -rescue".

  對道德綁架的思考

Thinking about moral abduction

  實質

substantial

  道德綁架的實質是以道德為砝碼,要挾個人或眾人不得不做某些事情,結果一般是做了的也少有自豪感,不做的則會在一段時間內感到忐忑不安。這樣的事情在我們的社會是經常發生的。比如半強迫性的捐款、本不該進行的道歉等等。道德綁架之所以容易得手,是因為在強調群體和統一價值觀的社會中,輿論具有足以殺人的功能。因而就出現了不自愿的捐款和滿含委屈的道歉。中國是一個道德社會,在我們的社會中,人們對道德力量的恐懼有時候甚于對法的力量的恐懼。應該說具有西方現代文化理念的人,與傳統的道德社會是格格不入的。我們每一個人的確會經常遭遇并難以承受許多道德的綁架,然而,這也不是說道德社會就一無是處,如果你適應了,還會去依靠它。而具體到某一事件,比如范美忠事件,又不能說公眾對他或對教師群體進行了道德綁架。在任何時候,教師保護學生的利益,都屬于公眾正常的期待,也屬于相關法規的正常要求。

The essence of moral abduction is to use morality as the weight. It is necessary to stab the individual or everyone to do something. As a result, it is generally not proud to do. Such things often happen in our society. Such as semi -compulsive donations, apology that should not be performed, and so on. The reason why moral abduction is easy to succeed is because in a society that emphasizes groups and unified values, public opinion has a function that is sufficient to kill. As a result, unwilling donations and aggrieved apology appeared. China is a moral society. In our society, people's fear of moral power is sometimes more afraid of the power of France. It should be said that people with modern western cultural concepts are incompatible with traditional moral society. Each of us does have often encountered and difficult to withstand many moral abductions. However, this is not to say that a moral society is useless. If you adapt, we will rely on it. Specific to a certain incident, such as the Fan Meizhong incident, can not be said that the public has abducted him morally on him or the teacher group. At any time, teachers protect the interests of students, which belong to the normal expectations of the public, and also belong to the normal requirements of relevant regulations.

  偽君子

Puppet gentleman

  小人和君子良莠兩分,本無爭議,有趣的是,一些人又喊出了“寧做真小人,不作偽君子”的口號。說這話的人當然不都是小人,他們中間的許多人之所以說這樣的話,并不是對小人情有獨鐘,而是對偽君子嘴臉的深惡痛絕。就此而言,在真小人和偽君子之間選擇了真小人,雖離棄了君子,卻還保留了真誠,而那些偽君子,既是小人,又沒有誠實,倒是一無是處。但問題是無論多么真誠的小人,終究還是小人,其言行對于他人是有害而無益的,有什么值得標榜的呢?實際上,許多人走向真小人的方向,是我們的環境導致的。原理是個性普遍被壓抑,越是有個性的人,壓抑感就越強烈。在壓抑之下,激烈的反抗是一種結果,還有一種結果就是默默的逆反。我們也不能接受真小人,但我們是否應該搞搞社會環境衛生呢?

The villain and the gentleman are two points. There is no controversy. Interestingly, some people shouted the slogan "I would rather be a real villain, not a pseudo -gentleman".Of course, those who say this are not all villains. The reason why many of them say this is not to have a soft spot for villains, but to be deeply disgusted with the puppet gentleman's face.In this regard, the real villain was chosen between the real villain and the hypocritical gentleman. Although they were abandoned, they still retained sincerity, and those hypocrites are both villains and no honesty, but they are useless.But the question is no matter how sincere villains, after all, the words and deeds are harmful and unhelpful to others. What is worth advertising? In fact, many people are in the direction of the real villain, which is caused by our environment.EssenceThe principle is that individuality is generally suppressed. The more personally personality, the stronger the depression.Under suppression, fierce resistance is a result, and another result is silently reverse.We can't accept real villains, but should we engage in social environmental hygiene?

  自我超我

Self -Super I

  弗洛伊德創造性地析出了人格的三部分:本我、自我、超我,我們做做溫習,一定能有助于對于一些現象的理解。本我(id)包含要求得到眼前滿足的一切本能的驅動力,它按照快樂原則行事,急切地尋找發泄口,一味追求滿足。本我中的一切,永遠都是無意識的;自我(ego)處于本我和超我之間,代表理性和機智,具有防衛和中介職能,它按照現實原則來行事,充當仲裁者,監督本我的動靜,給予適當滿足;超我(superego)代表良心、社會準則和自我理想,是人格的高層領導,它按照至善原則行事,指導自我,限制本我,就像一位嚴厲的家長。只有三個“我”和睦相處,保持平衡,人才會健康發展。恕我直言,凡具有反社會情結和天馬行空傾向的人,按照弗洛伊德的觀點,大都有人格上的問題。

Freud creatively describes three parts of personality: ego, self, and super self. We do the review, which will definitely help the understanding of some phenomena.The (ID) contains all instinctual driving forces that require the ability to meet. It acts in accordance with the principle of happiness, eagerly find the venting mouth, and blindly pursues satisfaction.Everything among me is always unconscious; self (EGO) is between the ego and the super self, which represents rationality and wit, has the functions of defense and intermediaries.The movement of the movement is appropriately satisfied; super self (Superego) represents conscience, social norms, and self -ideal. It is a senior leader of the personality.Only three "I" live in harmony and maintain balance, and talents will develop healthy.Forgive me, those who have anti -social complexes and the tendency to be empty, most of them have personality problems in Freud's views.

  公德私德

  “哪有什么公德,不過是一群人的私德而已”,這話顯然是有問題的。公德當然和每一個私人是相聯系的,但絕不是私德之和,甚至也不是私德的同類項,而是一種為了每一個人的利益,需要每一個人尊重和服從的公共準則。私德是個人修養和追求的事情,公德是公共社會秩序的基本前提。私德不良,只影響個人感受;公德不良,就會損及他人。公德和私德,無法進行重要性的比較。但可以肯定的是,一個社會的文明程度外在地表現為公眾對于公德的尊重和踐行程度。公德有普遍意義上的,比如適于一切人的準則,也有局部意義的,比如適于一部分人的準則。具體講,教師行業就有這個行業共同遵守的準則,也就是教師職業道德。教師職業道德是“非教師”的人們可以不遵守的,但教師就需要遵守。范美忠的觀點是,教師職業和其他職業一樣,在道德上不應有特殊的要求。不存在公德,只有私德。所以,他就只按照自己的邏輯行事了。私人行為若在私人場所,與他人無關,即便不符合人們的期待,也是個人的事情。一旦私人進入公眾社會,那他的言行就不能無所顧忌了。公德在于保證一個人的言行自由不能侵害他人的言行自由。

"How can there be a public morality, but it is just a group of people's private morals." This is obviously problematic. Of course, public morality is associated with every private person, but it is by no means a kind of private morality, and it is not even the same items of private ethics, but a public standard for everyone to respect and obediently obey everyone for everyone's interests. Private morality is a matter of personal cultivation and pursuit, and public morality is the basic prerequisite for public social order. Poor private morality affects personal feelings; poor public morality will damage others. Public morality and private morality cannot be compared with importance. However, it is certain that the degree of civilization of a society manifests the respect and practice of public morality. Gong morality has a general sense, such as the criterion for all people, and also local significance, such as standards suitable for some people. Specifically, the teacher industry has the guidelines that this industry complies with, which is the professional ethics of teachers. Teachers' professional ethics can not be observed by people who are "non -teachers", but teachers need to follow. Fan Meizhong's point of view is that the teacher's profession, like other occupations, should not have special requirements in morality. There is no public morality, only private ethics. Therefore, he only acts according to his logic. If private behavior is in private places, it has nothing to do with others. Even if it does not meet people's expectations, it is a personal matter. Once he enters a public society, his words and deeds cannot be unwilling. Public morality is to ensure that a person's words and deeds cannot infringe on others' words and deeds.

  多元主流

Multi -mainstream

  在民主的潮流中,多元共存成為人們較容易接受的存在原則。即便在今天的中國,多元共存已經成為普遍的事實,社會對于個人行為的寬容達到了前所未有的水平。正因此,范美忠的行為才在一定層次上得到人們的寬恕。其實,范美忠的支持者、同情者們,有點非理性了。許多人并沒有對范美忠的跑本身有過多的指責,人們指責的是他的振振有詞,是他對社會公義的無視和輕視。北京大學畢業的他,有著良好的知識和思維素質,但他的人生觀和價值觀是有問題的。在這里,我們所堅持的標準是社會的公義,而不是哪個個人的標準。每個個人都需要知道,雖然價值觀的多元是社會進步的標識,但任何時候,都會有主流的價值觀,而且價值觀在個人,但不完全是個人的事情。主流的價值觀,一般是積極的、向上的,符合所有人的利益的;非主流的價值觀,在一時期只符合一部分人的利益。個人、個性,個人的權利、個性的自由需要尊重,他人、大眾,他人的權利、大眾的自由,也需要得到尊重。我們深知在歷史進程中,許多在當時非主流的價值觀,后來成為主流,但那些價值觀有一個共性,即都是符合人類長遠和整體利益的。

In the trend of democracy, diversified coexistence has become the principle of existence that people are more acceptable. Even in today's China, multiple coexistence has become a common fact that the tolerance of individual behavior has reached unprecedented levels of personal behavior. Because of this, Fan Meizhong's behavior got the forgiveness of people at a certain level. In fact, Fan Meizhong's supporters and sympathy are a little irrational. Many people do not have too much accusations about Fan Meizhong's running itself. What people blame his vibrations, it is his ignoring and contempt for social justice. He graduated from Peking University and has good knowledge and quality of thinking, but his outlook on life and values ??is problematic. Here, the standard we adhere to is the justice of society, not the standard of which personal. Every individual needs to know that although the value of values ??is the logo of social progress, there will be mainstream values ??at any time, and the values ??are personal, but it is not entirely a personal matter. The mainstream values ??are generally positive, upward, in line with the interests of everyone; non -mainstream values ??only meet the interests of some people in the first period. Personal, personality, personal rights, and personal freedom need to be respected. The rights of others, the public, the rights of others, and the freedom of the public also need to be respected. We know that in the historical process, many non -mainstream values ??at that time later became mainstream, but those values ??have a commonality, that is, they are in line with the long -term and overall interests of human beings.

  爭論總是難免,重要的是爭論能多一些理性。人們對于社會進步的期待和自身權益的狀況,往往會使得爭論具有情感上的偏狹。要解決這種問題,只能對與具體事件相關的問題做理性的梳理,否則,有意義的辯爭,也可能滑向無意義的口水戰。那一日,郭松民(人們叫他郭跳跳)就犯了不理性的錯,給人一種不尊重對方人格的印象。而范美忠總體上表現得比較理性,并因此贏的人們的同情。范美忠在公義的層面上錯了,并不是任何人怎樣批評他都是對的。至少,對他人格上的辱罵就是不對的。我們能寬容范美忠的思想和行為,只要他沒有突破道德的底線,不能寬容的只是他對社會公義的無視和輕視。

Controversy is always inevitable. It is important that the controversy can be more rational.People's expectations for social progress and their own rights and their own rights often make the debate emotionally narrow.To solve this problem, we can only sort out rational issues related to specific events. Otherwise, it may be a meaningful dispute and may slip towards meaningless saliva.On that day, Guo Songmin (people told him Guo Jump) made an irrational mistake, giving people a impression of disrespecting the personality of the other party.Fan Meizhong's sympathy of people's sympathy for people in general and the winning people.Fan Meizhong was wrong at the level of righteousness, and not anyone criticized him right.At least, the abuse of others is wrong.We can tolerate Fan Meizhong's thoughts and behaviors. As long as he does not break through the bottom line of morality, it is not only his ignoring and contempt for social justice.

1.高考漫畫作文

2.道德優秀作文

3.有理想有道德的人作文

4.那年,青春無痕高考作文

5.道德與利益無關作文

6.不要超越道德底線作文

7.道德抉擇作文

8.道德的分歧高一作文

《2016高考素材:道德綁架.doc》
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